The size of kidney stones can not be predicted or
controlled. A person is more prone to kidney stones if the condition
already runs in the family, or if there is another pre-existing medical
condition that helps with the growth of kidney stones. The sizes of
these stones can vary, depending on what type of stone it is, the time
the stone has been in the kidney and whether or not any diuretics or
medications have been taken to help the kidney stone dissolve on its on.
The size of kidney stones can vary from being the
of a piece of sand, to being as large as a golf ball. For the smaller,
sand-sized stones, people may pass these painlessly, completely unaware
that they even had any stones at all. This size of kidney stones can be
flushed through the kidneys with no more help than water or other
Stones that are larger, however, will require some
to get them pushed through the system. Stones that are too large to
pass by themselves will require over the counter pain medications to
help relieve mild to moderate pain, while the person is drinking plenty
of water to flush the smaller stones out of the kidney. While this size
of kidney stones can cause minor discomfort, larger stones can cause
excruciating pain in the lower abdomen, groin area and under the rib
that can occur with the larger
bloody or painful urination, an urgent need to "go" and nausea and/or
vomiting. This size of kidney stone requires prescription medications,
under a doctor's supervision. There are also certain medications that
can be given to help dissolve the stones in the kidney.
for this size of kidney stones
prescription medicines, lithotripsy, surgery, using an ureteroscope or
even parathyroid gland surgery.
a process that uses sound waves to
the kidney stones apart into smaller stones that can pass on their own.
This procedure can make a loud noise, to create the sound wave, and
possibly some minor discomfort, so doctors may administer a light
anesthetic to help with the discomfort.
requires a small incision be made in the
patient's back, right above the kidney area, so that the kidney stone
can be removed by hand. This procedure is usually only done after the
patient has undergone Lithotripsy without any results.
ureteroscope is a lit tube, thin and flexible,
can be guided through the urethra to the bladder. This scope is
equipped with tools that can grab the stone or break it down into
smaller pieces to allow them to pass harmlessly in the urine.